Environmental Protection Area: Chapada dos Veadeiros
According to Brazilian environmental legislation, the Environmental Protection Area (APA) is the area intended for the preservation of environmental resources (fauna, flora, soil and water resources). An area of environmental protection can only have sustainable use, ie its access, occupation and exploitation must be controlled in order not to damage the ecosystem of the area.
Environmental protection areas may have public or private ownership and domains. However, it is up to the government agencies to oversee the occupation and exploitation of these areas.
Main purposes of environmental protection areas:
- Ensure the protection of ecosystems and their biological diversity;
- Discipline land occupation;
- Enable sustainable use of natural resources (soil, water and vegetation).
Examples of Environmental Protection Areas in Brazil:
- Baturité Massif (Ceará)
- Chapada do Araripe (Ceará, Piaui and Pernambuco)
- Central Plateau (Federal District)
- Chapada dos Veadeiros (Goiás)
- Serra da Mantiqueira (Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paulo)
- Fernando de Noronha (Pernambuco)
- Route of the Sun (Rio Grande do Sul)
- Paraíba do Sul River Basin (São Paulo)
- Tietê floodplain
- Cantareira System (São Paulo)